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Style guides and citing
Note: APA is releasing the 7th edition of the APA Style Guide in late 2019. The is the first new edition in 10 years.
The (6th) of APA requires a DOI (when available) when citing electronic versions of articles. Use crossref.org to search for DOIs in one place.
Need to cite Twitter, Facebook, or some other non-traditional format? Search the official APA Style Blog for tricky citation questions. It covers many citation problems not addressed in the print manual.
- The official APA Style Blog (7th edition - current from late 2019 onwards)
- The official APA Style Blog -6th edition (archived)
6th edition blog highlights:
- Missing Pieces: How to Write an APA Style Reference Even Without All the Information
- How to Cite Something You Found on a Website in APA Style
- Citing Paraphrased Information in APA Style
The APA guide recommends you use the legal style manual of your country to cite its respective legal source. The Canadian style guide for legal citation is the Canadian Guide to Uniform Legal Citation [print], also known as McGill style. The latest edition is the 2018 (9th) edition.
Please confirm with your instructor on his or her citation style preferences, as the use of APA and McGill styles will be instructor-specific in the Criminology department.
- Law: Legal Citation Guide (from UBC Law Library)
- Legal Citation: Legal Research materials (from Queen's University)
- Canadian Guide To Uniform Legal Citation [print]
Use Citation management software to store your references online, and create properly formatted bibliographies with in-text citations or footnotes.
Library research tutorials
How to read a paper by S. Keshav
How to read a book by Paul N. Edwards
The Student Learning Commons provides assistance and numerous, helpful writing handouts.
Finding Topics with an Issue for Effective Persuasive Writing -- Great video co-authored by an SFU Librarian on persuasive writing.
The unacknowledged use of other people's ideas or work, whether intentional or unintentional, is a serious academic offense. Plagiarism can be avoided through careful work habits. Learn more through the SFU Library's plagiarism guide and take our interactive tutorial Understanding and Avoiding Plagiarism to test your knowledge.