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This guide provides examples of citations of commonly-used sources, based on The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.), using notes/bibliography style only.
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Letter found in an archive
More guidelines for citing this type of material can be found in section 14.228.
1. Curtis to Mr. W. H. M. Haldane, 1940-1949, The Chung Collection, University of British Columbia Rare Books and Special Collections, Box 197, 197-11-3.
2. Brown to Donald M. Forbes, August 5, 1864, Pre-1914 collections, The Canadian Letters & Images Project, https://www.canadianletters.ca/content/document-4694?position=24&list=e-uq80kpaft_JeHiESbheGdkbIPqGhSSwm8dtxb5ezw.
Curtis, M. Louise. Three Letters to Mr. W. H. M. Haldane. The Chung Collection. University of British Columbia Rare Books and Special Collections. Box 197, 197-11-3. 1940-1949.
Brown, J. N. Forbes, Donald M. Letter: 1864 August 5th. Pre-1914 collections. The Canadian Letters & Images Project, https://www.canadianletters.ca/content/document-4694?position=24&list=e-uq80kpaft_JeHiESbheGdkbIPqGhSSwm8dtxb5ezw. August 5, 1864
More guidelines for citing this type of material can be found in section 14.211.
1. Nancy Leone (Japanese Canadian), interview by Kirsten McAllister, July 18, 1990, Japanese Canadian Oral History Collection, Simon Fraser University Library, https://digital.lib.sfu.ca/johc-167/interview-nancy-leone.
Leone, Nancy. 1990. (Japanese Canadian). Interview by Kirsten McAllister. July 18. Japanese Canadian Oral History Collection. Simon Fraser University Library. https://digital.lib.sfu.ca/johc-167/interview-nancy-leone.
Paintings, photographs, and sculpture
More guidelines for citing this type of material can be found in section 14.235.
To cite a painting:
1. Lui Shou Kwan, Taiwan Landscape—Ali Shan, 1971, ink, pigment on paper, Vancouver Art Gallery.
Lui, Shou Kwan. Taiwan Landscape—Ali Shan. 1971. Ink, pigment on paper. Vancouver Art Gallery.
To cite a photograph:
1. Philip Timms, Chinese Business Damaged by Race Riot, 1907, photograph, Simon Fraser University Library, BC Multicultural Photograph Collection at the Vancouver Public Library, https://digital.lib.sfu.ca/vpl-122/chinese-business-damaged-race-riot.
Timms, Philip. Chinese Business Damaged by Race Riot. 1907. Photograph. Simon Fraser University Library. BC Multicultural Photograph Collection at the Vancouver Public Library. https://digital.lib.sfu.ca/vpl-122/chinese-business-damaged-race-riot.
To cite a sculpture:
1. Charles Marega, Lions Gate Bridge Lion Maquette, 1938, plaster, 26 x 11 x 43.5 cm, Museum of Vancouver, http://www.museumofvancouver.ca/collections/object/lions-gate-bridge-lion-maquette.
Marega, Charles. Lions Gate Bridge Lion Maquette. 1938. Plaster, 26 x 11 x 43.5 cm. Museum of Vancouver. http://www.museumofvancouver.ca/collections/object/lions-gate-bridge-lion-maquette.
More guidelines for citing this type of material can be found in section 14.191.
1. Laurie Goodstein and William Glaberson, "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Rage," New York Times, April 10, 2000. https://www.nytimes.com/2000/04/10/us/the-well-marked-roads-to-homicidal-rage.html
2. Richard Spencer, "Panda Flees Roof to Roof in China," Vancouver Sun, July 19, 2005, A9.
Goodstein, Laurie and William Glaberson. "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Rage." New York Times, April 10, 2000. https://www.nytimes.com/2000/04/10/us/the-well-marked-roads-to-homicidal-rage.html
Spencer, Richard. "Panda Flees Roof to Roof in China." Vancouver Sun, July 19, 2005, A9.
In addition to crediting the ideas and work of others, the purpose of citation is to enable your reader to identify or find the sources you consulted. In some situations, you may consult primary material that is missing some of the standard means of identification, ie author, title, date, etc. Use the full Chicago Manual of Style and adapt the examples above in these cases, and bear in mind your purpose when crafting these citations.
No place of publication (14.132): Use the abbreviation n.p. (or N.p. if following a period) before the publisher’s name, if the place of publication is unknown. A question mark may be given in brackets, if the place can be surmised.
No date of publication (14.145): If the publication date of a printed work cannot be ascertained, use the abbreviation n.d. in the publication details. A guessed-at date may either be substituted in brackets or added.
Unsigned Newspaper articles (14.199): Unsigned newspaper articles or features are best dealt with in text or notes. Use the title of the newspaper stands in place of the author, if a bibliography entry should be needed.
Pamphlets, reports and the like (14.220): Provide sufficient information to identify the document even when data on author and publisher may not fit the normal pattern.
For example, here is a citation for an unattributed 1980s concert poster viewed online:
1. Curious George and Head First, “Curious George with Head First Sat. Jan. 27,” (1988), poster, Vancouver Punk Rock Collection, Simon Fraser University Library, https://digital.lib.sfu.ca/vanpunk-609/curious-george-head-first-sat-jan-27
Curious George and Head First. “Curious George with Head First Sat. Jan. 27.” (1988). Poster. Vancouver Punk Rock Collection. Simon Fraser University Library. https://digital.lib.sfu.ca/vanpunk-609/curious-george-head-first-sat-jan-27