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Citing audiovisual materials: Chicago/Turabian (17th ed.) citation guide

This guide is based on The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.) and provides only selected citation examples for commonly used sources, and of notes/bibliography style only. For more detailed information, directly consult a print copy or online version of the style manual available at the SFU Library and at the SFU Bookstore.

Chicago style is sometimes referred to as Turabian style, which is a modified version of Chicago style, and which is outlined in Kate L. Turabian's A Manual for Writers of Term Papers, Theses, and Dissertations, 7thed. [print].

For the best printing results, use the printer-friendly PDF format of this guide.

Film/film scene (14.265-12.267)


     1. Biodemocracy: Making a Difference, directed by Charles Kassatly (Montreal: National Film Board of Canada/No One to Blame Productions, 2002), VHS.

A note for a film scene:

     2. John Travolta, "Conversation with Annette," Saturday Night Fever, special ed., directed by William Golding (1977; Culver City, CA: Columbia Tristar Home Entertainment, 1998), DVD.


Biodemocracy: Making a Difference. Directed by Charles Kassatly. Montreal: National Film Board of Canada/No One to Blame Productions, 2002. VHS.

To cite a film scene:

Travolta, John. "Conversation with Annette." special ed. Directed by William Golding. 1977. Culver City, CA: Columbia Tristar Home Entertainment, 1998.


  • Include such information as: creator(s), title, publisher, date and medium (e.g. DVD) (14.265).
  • When citing online multimedia, include the same information as when citing a film, but also add an electronic file name or URL and access date if no publication details are provided.  If the online material is a digitized version of a performance or published source, then information about the original performance or source should be included in the note and bibliography (14.267).
  • Film Scenes (individually accessible in DVDs, e.g. "Conversation with Annette") are treated as chapters and cited by title or by number (14.265). See film scene examples above.