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This guide provides examples of citations of commonly-used sources, based on The Chicago Manual of Style (17th ed.), using notes/bibliography style only.
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Journal article - online version
1. Mauri J. Palomaki and Allen G. Noble, "Greenhouse Horticulture and Economic Transition," Geographical Review 85, no. 2 (1995): 175, http://www.jstor.org.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/stable/216061.
2. Amy Dru Stanley, "Instead of Waiting for the Thirteenth Amendment: The War Power, Slave Marriage, and Inviolate Human Rights," American Historical Review 115, no. 3 (2010): 755, https://doi:10.1086/ahr.115.3.732.
Palomaki, Mauri J., and Allen G. Noble. "Greenhouse Horticulture and Economic Transition." Geographical Review 85, no. 2 (1995): 173-84. http://www.jstor.org.proxy.lib.sfu.ca/stable/216061.
Stanley, Amy Dru. "Instead of Waiting for the Thirteenth Amendment: The War Power, Slave Marriage, and Inviolate Human Rights." American Historical Review 115, no. 3 (2010): 732-65. https://doi:10.1086/ahr.115.3.732
- Cite an online journal article the same as you would a print journal article (see 14.167 - 14.174) but include a DOI at the end of a note and bibliography entry, followed by a period.
- If DOI is not available, provide a URL of the journal article, followed by a period. A stable URL is preferable to the URL in your browser's address bar.
- Can't find the DOI? DOI Lookup (http://www.crossref.org/guestquery/)
- Chicago does not recommend that access dates be cited for electronic sources (14.12), but certain publishers, disciplines, or your professor may require this information. If that is the case, the date of retrieval should be placed directly before the DOI or the URL. Access dates should be written as follows: accessed December 12, 2009 (in a note) and Accessed December 12, 2009 (in the bibliography) (14.176).
Journal article - print version
1. S.R. Slings, "Written and Spoken Language: An Exercise in the Pragmatics of the Greek Sentence," Classical Philology 87, no. 2 (1992): 98.
Slings, S.R. "Written and Spoken Language: An Exercise in the Pragmatics of the Greek Sentence." Classical Philology 87, no. 2 (1992): 95-109.
- Provide the full journal title in italics, and include full publication details, including volume number (87 in the example above), issue number (no. 2) and date. Date may include the month or season, as well as year of publication, (e.g. April 1999 or Spring 1992) (14.170).
- If you are citing an article from a journal with continuous pagination within a volume, or if you include the month and year of publication, you may omit the journal issue number (14.170).
- If the journal volume or publication date is not apparent, state the issue number only, following the comma after the journal title (14.171).
- In notes, only the page number(s), where the cited reference appears, is given (14.174).
- For the bibliography, the page numbers for the entire article (i.e. from the first to the last page) are given (14.174).
Magazine article - print and online version
1. Charles Q. Choi, "Brain-Destroying Algae?," Scientific American, June 2005, 34.
Choi, Charles Q. "Brain-Destroying Algae?" Scientific American, June 2005, 34.
- Weekly or monthly magazines are cited by date (month/year) only, even if there is a volume/issue number (14.188).
- Note that there is a comma, not a colon, after the date in the bibliography entry (14.188).
- Include a DOI or URL at the end of the citation, followed by a period, if you viewed the magazine article online (14.190).
- If the article you are citing was found in a database, provide the database name after the publication details (e.g. CBCA Complete) and any identification number in parentheses (14.189).
Newspaper article - print and online version
1. Laurie Goodstein and William Glaberson, "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Page," New York Times, April 10, 2000, national edition.
2. Richard Spencer, "Panda Flees Roof to Roof in China," Vancouver Sun, July 19, 2005, A9.
Goodstein, Laurie, and William Glaberson. "The Well-Marked Roads to Homicidal Page." New York Times, April 10, 2000, national edition.
Spencer, Richard. "Panda Flees Roof to Roof in China." Vancouver Sun, July 19, 2005, A9.
- The essential information to provide when citing a newspaper article is the name of the author(s), the article title and the date of issue, which includes: month/day/year (14.191).
- Page numbers may be omitted (14.191).
- Include an edition statement (e.g. national edition, weekend edition) (14.191).
- Include the URL for an online article (14.191).
- If the article you are citing was found in a database, provide the database name (e.g. Canadian Newsstream) and any identification number in parentheses after the publication details (14.165).
- Use sentence-style capitalization for article titles (14.192, see also 8.158 - 8.159).
- The city and state or province should be added in parentheses after the name of the newspaper in italics (14.191). For example: Globe and Mail (Toronto, ON).
- If a newspaper article is described in detail in your paper and included in a note, it is not necessary to list the article in the bibliography (14.198).
- If no author is provided, begin the citation with the article title and alphabetize according to the article title in the bibliography (14.191).