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Citing encyclopedias or dictionaries: APA (6th ed.) citation guide

 

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. It provides selected citation examples for common types of sources. For more detailed information please consult a print copy of the style manual available at the SFU Library and at the SFU Bookstore.

For the best printing results for this guide, use the printer-friendly PDF format.

 

Entire work – print or electronic (7.02, pp. 202-203)

General reference form - print:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of book (ed). Location published: Publisher name.
General reference form - electronic:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year). Title of book (ed). Retrieved from url

Reference in text example:

(Sadie, 2000)

Reference list example:

Sadie, S. (Ed.). (2000). The new Grove dictionary of music and musicians (2nd ed., Vols. 1-29). New York: Grove's Dictionaries.

Zalta, E. N. (Ed.). (2007). The Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy. Retrieved from http://plato.stanford.edu/

Comments:

  • If you retrieved the entry from a database (e.g. Gale Virtual Reference Library), add the DOI (Digital Object Identifier) at the end using the format: “doi:xxxxxxx” (Rule 6.32, p. 191).
  • Can't find the DOI? DOI Lookup.
  • If there is no DOI assigned, give the URL of the publisher's home page in place of the DOI. You may need to do a quick web search to locate the home page if you found the article in a library database (e.g. Oxford Reference Online, Gale Virtual Reference Library). There is no period at the end of the URL.
  • Second and subsequent lines of each entry are indented 1/2 inch or 5 spaces. The chosen format should be consistent throughout the references.
  • Double-space between all lines of references.

Entry only – print or electronic (7.02, pp. 202-203)

General reference form - print:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year) Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (Vol.#, page range). Location published: Publisher name.
General reference form - electronic:
Author, A. A., & Author, B. B. (year) Title of chapter or entry. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book (Vol. #, page range). Retrieved from url

Reference in text example:

(Firdion, 2004)
(Firdion, 2004, p.169) [when quoting]

Reference list example:

Etzkowitz, H., & Dzisah, J. (2009). University–industry relationships. In J.B. Callicott & R. Froderman (Eds.), Encyclopedia of environmental ethics and philosophy (Vol.2, pp. 344-346). Retrieved from http://www.gale.cengage.com/

Firdion, J. M. (2004). Foster care. In Encyclopedia of homelessness (Vol. 1, pp. 167-170). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications.

Jaunty. (1989). Oxford English dictionary (2nd ed.). Retrieved from http://oed.com/

Comments:

  • If there is no author or editor of the entry, as in the last example, place the title in the author position.
  • If an online version refers to a print version, include the edition number after the title.
  • Second and subsequent lines of each entry are indented 1/2 inch or 5 spaces. The chosen format should be consistent throughout the references.
  • Double-space between all lines of references.