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Citing audiovisual media: APA (6th ed.) citation guide

This guide is based on the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th ed. It provides selected citation examples for common types of sources. For more detailed information please consult a print copy of the style manual available at the SFU Library and at the SFU Bookstore.


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Videos, music recordings, maps retrieved online, podcasts, etc. (7.07, p. 209-210)

Reference in text example

(Gladu & Brodeur, 2001)
(Manhatten77, 2007)

Reference list example

Gladu, A. (Producer), & Brodeur. M. (Director). (2001). Dance of the warrior [Motion picture]. Canada: National Film Board.

Manhattan77. (2007, February 25). Ghost Towns and Death Valley [Video file]. Retrieved from


  • There is no period after the title.
  • If the author's full name is unavailable, use a screen name.
  • Do not insert a hyphen when breaking a long URL.