What are funders' requirements?
Public research funding organizations are placing an increasing emphasis on research data management policies and practices, both within Canada and internationally.
The Canadian Federal government has made a commitment to Open Science in its Open Government 2016-2018 plan, which outlines steps to make the science that supports policy decisions more transparent and accessible to the general public.
Most research funding agencies now require that prospective recipients submit a plan for managing research data and that data will be published (if apropriate) following the conclusion of a research project.
Canadian grant agencies' requirements
In addition to the Tri-Agency Research Data Management Policy, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research have already required that certain types of data (e.g., bioinformatics and atomic data) must be made openly available online immediately upon publication of research results.
Projects funded by Genome Canada have long required sharing of data and resources in a "timely fashion" with no restrictions, with appropriate exceptions.
Simon Fraser University:
Simon Fraser University is committed to making accessible and preserving the products of research with the broadest possible community, including other scholars, practitioners, policymakers, and the public at large. To this end, research data will be managed in accordance with the principles outlined in SFU's Research Data Management Strategy.
International funding requirements: examples
National Institutes of Health (NIH)
National Science Foundation (NSF)
Michael Smith Foundation for Health Research (MSFHR)
Horizon 2020 (Research funding in the European Commission)
The Wellcome Trust (UK)
Journal publishers' requirements
Instructions for authors or author guidelines often specify data sharing policies of each publication. Examples include Nature, Springer Nature, PLOS, and Wiley. These requirements typically include publishing all supporting datasets openly without restrictions when the article is published. A growing number of journal policies related to data and open science are being evaluated along specific Transparency and Openness Promotion (TOP) Guidelines created by the Center for Open Science.