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This web page is intended to help with the BISC 102 assignment.
For this assignment you are to locate a primary scholarly article from a peer-reviewed journal.
What is a primary scholarly article?
Primary scholarly articles:
- Report on new experimental results.
- Typically include sections such as Introduction, Methods, Results and Discussion, Bibilography
- Are sharply focused information on discoveries, research and recent events. They do not usually provide much basic information.
- Are peer-reviewed; experts examine submitted articles before accepting them for publication.
For your assignments you will need to use primary not secondary sources. In other words, you will need to find a paper that focuses on original physical experiments not a review paper or a meta-analysis.
How do I find primary scholarly articles?
- Identify the key terms that best represent the concepts in your topic and type those words into the search box.
- Scan the abstract to see if the article is a primary source. Look for words like experiment or methods or study.
- Use the Where can I get this? button to search the library’s holdings and locate the full-text article.
Is the article I found a primary scholarly article?
Ask yourself the following questions. Yes should be the answer for most of them.
- Is the article written by experts and for experts in the field?
- Does the article report the results of experimental research?
- Does the article have a bibliography or list of references at the end?
- Does the journal have an editorial policy that includes peer-review?
- Look at the structure of the paper. Does it follow the structure of a scientific paper?
- An editorial board asks subject experts to review and evaluate submitted articles before accepting them for publication in a scholarly journal.
- Submissions are evaluated using criteria including the excellence, novelty and significance of the research or ideas.
- Scholarly journals use this process to protect and maintain the quality of material they publish.
- Members of the editorial board are listed near the beginning of each journal issue.
Scientific papers follow a structured format. They consist of distinct sections which each contain a specific type of information:
- Title - describes contents clearly and precisely
- Abstract - provides a complete, but very succinct summary of the paper
- Introduction - background information and hypothesis
- Materials & Methods (or Methods) - describes both specific techniques and the overall experimental strategy used
- Results - contains the data collected
- Discussion - explains how the authors interpret their data and how they connect it to other work
- Acknowledgements - people or institutions (in addition to the authors) that contributed to the work
- Literature cited - provides the sources cited throughout the paper