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Revising, editing, and proofreading in academic writing

A common writing mistake is not leaving enough time to revise, edit, or proofread. Another problem is to fixate on grammar errors at the expense of necessary changes to content, argument, or organization.

Strategic revision begins with looking at higher-order concerns like purpose, audience, development (including source integration), organization, and paragraph structure. Then the writer focuses on sentence structure, word choice/vocabulary, and grammatical correctness. The final task before submitting the piece is to proofread for punctuation, spelling, and mechanics.   

The resources on this page are chosen to help writers edit and proofread their own work more effectively and with greater confidence.

Grammar refresher

“Self-help” editing tools

For EAL writers

See English as an additional language (EAL) resources: Help & support for English language learners.